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Definitions of Surgical Procedures

Anterior repair is a surgical procedure that repairs a cystocele, which cause the vaginal wall to bulge downward.

C-section is a surgical procedure in which infant is delivered through incisions made in abdomen and uterus. When infant has been delivered, the placenta is separated and removed and incisions are closed with sutures.

Cold knife cone is a surgical procedure in which the cervix is anesthetized and a sample (or cone) removed, a D&C may also be done.

Colposcopy is a procedure that uses a kind of binocular microscope that looks for discharge, inflammation, ulceration, or lesions in the vagina and cervix.

Endometrial ablation is a procedure performed to eliminate or greatly reduce menstrual bleeding.There is a Novasure method, which uses heat, as well as the Cryoablation method, which uses cold. Both are minimally invasive procedures that destroy the uterine lining.

Endometrial biopsy is when tissue is scraped from the endocervical canal or endometrial wall with a curette to get tissue sampling.

Exploratory laparotomy is a surgical procedure in which the abdominal cavity is entered through an abdominal incision and contents are examined for illness or injury. Samples may be taken.
Fractional dilatation & curettage (D&C) treats miscarriage by removing contents of uterus using a suction machine and with scraping of the lining of the uterus.
Hysterectomy is a surgical removal of uterus and/or tubes and ovaries.
      Laparoscopy is when the surgical procedure is assisted by use of a laparoscopy, this is done vaginally.
      Supracervical can be done abdominally or with laparoscopy procedure, and leaves the cervix
       attached to the vagina.
      Total abdominal is when the procedure is done through an abdominal approach.                  
      Vaginal is when the procedure is done through the vagina.

Hysteroscopy is also a telescope procedure, which is placed through the cervix into the uterine cavity. It can be used as a diagnostic tool, as well as removing polyps, fibroid tumors, and endometrial ablations.

Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure in which a thin telescope is placed into the abdominal cavity. Tubal sterilization, ovarian cyst removal, endometriosis treatment and hysterectomy procedures are examples of procedures using this technique. A laparoscopy is also used to help diagnose problems.

Laparoscopic tubal ligation is a surgical procedure using laparoscopy to occlude fallopian tubes (Filshie clips) or with cautery (fulguration) for the purpose of permanent sterilization.

LEEP is a loop electrode excision procedure that uses a hot cautery wire with an electrical cutting current to obtain a specimen for diagnosis.

Monarc sling operation is when synthetic material is used as support under the urethra to eliminate stress incontinence.

Myomectomy is the excision of fibroid tumors of the uterus.

Oophorectomy is removal of all or part of one or both ovaries.

Posterior repair is a surgical procedure that repairs a rectocele, which causes the rectum to protrude and make the vaginal bulge downward.

Salpingectomy involves an incision of the abdomen to remove part or all of the fallopian tubes on one or both sides.